Sunday, 12 October 2014

Ancient Mystery:The Origin And Mystery Of Celtic Cross




 

The Cross and the Plumbline
By Crichton Miller

I am a Scottish born researcher and Company Director with an interest in prehistory. I have applied for a patent on a derivative of the Celtic cross. This application was published on the 14th of June 2000 under UK patent application GB 2 344 654 A. Despite intensive research by The Patent Office prior to publication, no instrument with its complete attributes has been discovered and its application was not found to be obvious. The Celtic cross, which is an ancient and sacred symbol, with which most people are familiar, appears to be a representation of an ancient instrument that was used by our ancestors as far back as Neolithic times. I believe that it was what the Ancient Egyptians and Phoenicians used to survey their buildings and navigate the oceans of the world. Despite the discovery of cocaine in some of the Egyptian Mummies, it has been argued, in august and academic circles, that it was impossible for them or the Phoenicians to have crossed the Atlantic in prehistory, because of their inability to navigate.
Thor Heyderhal scotched the concept that their boats were incapable with his Ra expedition. I am about to collapse the final argument, by proving that they could navigate and had the instrument to do it. 


The discovery came about in the winter of 1997 when I was trying to figure out what the Ancient Egyptians would have used to survey the great pyramid complex at Giza. All constructions, even ancient ones, require surveying before commencement of work. The incredible pyramid of Cheops and the Giza complex, which seems to embody the mathematical value of PI, would have to be accurately surveyed, as would all similar constructions, including stone circles such as Stonehenge, Avebury and Callanish in Scotland. Callanish is more than 5000 years old and built in the form of a Celtic cross - proof that this knowledge predates the Egyptian Pyramids.
Through intensive and exhaustive experimentation, a belief in the intelligence of our ancestors and a refusal to believe in little green men as the designers, I discovered that the only appropriate instrument that could have been used by the architect, in the place of a theodolite, was a derivative of the cross, with the addition of a plumbline. 
This incredibly simple, yet complex instrument, has the potential to measure angles and inclinations to an accuracy of 1 minute of arc or 1/60th of a degree, depending on the size of the instrument used. This is an extraordinary accuracy for what appears to be only two pieces of wood, a scale and a plumbline. One of the most interesting but obscure abilities of the Cross is its capability to take sidereal measurements.
With my experience of navigation as a qualified Yachtmaster, I turned my experimentation to discover if the ancient mariners could find latitude and longitude with the cross. The experiments conducted, confirmed that the ancients could find their position anywhere on the Earth within 3 nautical miles with a hand held device. This discovery may help to prove that it was possible for sailors such as the Phoenicians to have made regular trading contact with the Americas in pre Columbian times. It also may explain the mysterious navigation skills of the Polynesians. This discovery also helps support pioneers of the theory of ancient intercontinental travel such as Thor Heyderhal with his Kon Tiki and Ra expeditions.  I then went on to discover that this instrument was probably the basis of geometry, mathematics, ancient astronomy, map making and time keeping. That this instrument was used in combination with a detailed knowledge of astronomy and monthly star positions, ecliptic and zodiac observations so as to locate the position of any star at any time over a location on the earth's surface. Hence the saying "as in heaven so on earth".
Furthermore, those observers were placed at strategic observatories throughout the known world to keep local time and traditions and to aid mariners and other travelers. Those travelers were able to find their longitude over short distances with the use of sand (hour) glasses in relation to local time between observatories (stone or wood henges in the north and pyramids in the lower latitudes) and world time kept at the old 0 degree meridian at Giza. I also believe that the henges were used to keep time and in fact were large astrolabes where stone balls were moved around the henge on a daily basis to represent the positions of the planets in relation to the sun and zodiac throughout the year.
Ley (lay) lines, an ancient and modern navigation term, were used to lay the position line, or course, of one place in relation to another. This term is misconstrued to have magical or magnetic properties by modern cultists. It is in fact related to astro navigation and can be found in modern navigation manuals. The lay line from the Cape Verde Islands to the Caribbean Antilles, avoiding the Sargasso Sea is exactly 17 degrees North. To find this line an instrument that measures the declination of a star or the sun at azimuth would have to be used. I believe that this instrument was the Cross with a plumbline.
I also believe that the quadrant, used in the 13th century was an inferior instrument in that it was incapable of sidereal measurements. I further believe that the Cross and the methods of its use, is one of the greatest treasures found by the famous Knights Templar, in their excavation of Solomon's Temple, during the Crusades. That this discovery led to a new style of architecture and the building of the Great Cathedrals in Europe, starting with Chartres in France.
It may also have led to the greatest untold confidence trick in the last millennium played on Spain by Christopher Columbus and eventually leading to the destruction of the Amerindian civilizations. There is evidence that the Templars, to whom Columbus was associated, had been voyaging to the Americas for two hundred years before the official discovery. Using the cross as a navigation instrument. The Templar Archivist has already argued at Roslyn Chapel in Scotland, that William St Claire had voyaged to America before Columbus. The fact that the instrument actually works and can be demonstrated to fulfil a universal role in many functions, is vindication of my theories. What is truly amazing, is that no one has discovered this lost knowledge in modern times. The message in stone, wood, metals and art has been around for thousands of years, in full view of the public.
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Apart from the publication of the patent, I have been asked to publish and had accepted an academic 20,000-word paper, with 38 technical illustrations in the November 2000 issue of Fortean Studies. This article will be of great interest to those studying Egyptian constructions, but unfortunately can not be revealed until after publication comes out. In this paper I have outlined the methods used to tell the time and navigate with the combination of the cross, pyramids, stone circles and henges.
I have also been asked to appear at the next Fortean Unconvention in London to speak about my discoveries. I have accepted that my name be put forward. I have appeared for 15 minutes in May 1999 on Teidi Television, following a lecture he gave to a conference on Mayan Culture in Tenerife. After gifting a working model of the Cross to Don Ajlehandro, Head Elder of forty-five Elders and spiritual leader of 6,000,000 Maya people. The only person allowed by the authorities to conduct ancient ceremonies on the Yucatan Pyramids. The last ceremony held at that time had in attendance every Amerindian Tribal Chief from Tierra del Feugo to Alaska.
Don Ajlehandro said that it was his people's lost "Staff of Power" used to design pyramids and lost when the Conquistadors dispossessed them 500 years ago. He promised to show it to his Elders and place it for instruction of the young in the Maya Mystery Schools. A small article has been purchased by Practical Boatowner magazine and is due for publication showing how the instrument can be easily used as an emergency navigation backup in case of electronic navigation system failures.
Apart from being a help to Archaeologists, in piecing together the unexplained mysteries and purposes of the pyramids of Egypt, Mexico, Peru, Stonehenge and other ancient constructions, I hope that my discovery will be an enlightenment to all seekers after the truth. That this discovery will enlighten all people about our past and inspire other researchers, helping to further our knowledge and understand the obscure culture of the ancients. I hope that I can find further sponsorship and assistance in providing the instrument to developing countries for a cheap and efficient method of surveying projects such as construction, road building and irrigation.
I also hope, that this instrument may be used in the practical education of the young, so that they may gain a basic and interesting foundation of this ancient knowledge. That they may learn how our ancestors survived and learnt about astronomy, navigation, construction, mathematics, geometry and time keeping. How they went on to apply this knowledge, which is lost in the mists of time, to construct the ancient wonders of the world and achieve the seemingly impossible.
I am presently compiling my research, with the aim of completing my first book by the spring of 2001.

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